25 Educational Facts about Mars “The Red Planet”
Mars is a planet that orbits the Sun in our solar system. it is in fact a fourth planet from the Sun after earth and before Jupiter Saturn is way out. It’s also the second smallest planet in the solar system after that pesky little upstart mercury everything’s always liked you isn’t it mercury.
01 Six Mars fits inside Earth
Mars measures up at around 21,344 kilometers in circumference making it significantly smaller than the earth which has a belt sign to around 40,070 kilometers. As such around six Mars is could fit inside earth that is if Earth was entirely hollowed out and you could ground all these hypothetical masses into a single pile of smalls rocks that could fill up the earth a spherical stacking waste space. Mars is about 15% of the Earth’s volume yet only 11% of Earth’s mass this means that not only is Mars smaller than Earth it also lists dense.
02 Gravity on Mars is 40% less than Earth
Due to its diminished size the gravity on Mars is slightly less than 40% as strong as the gravity we experienced on earth. Mars is a torus real planet meaning it is composed primarily of rocks and metals and has a hard crusty surface upon which you could stand. Despite the fact that Mars is much smaller than Earth the two planets actually have roughly the same amount of land this is because around two-thirds of the earth is covered in H2O called oceans you may have heard of them.
03 Water Flows on Mars Million Years Ago
However Mars wasn’t always the arid red desert that it is today, there is clear evidence that liquid water flowed in streams and rivers across the surface of the planet hundreds of millions of years ago. And that once upon a time the planet even had oceans. Due to plate still the ancient oceans on Mars would have been rather small in comparison to ours equivalent only 1.5 percent of all the water on the earth.
04 Colors of Mars is Caused by Iron Oxides
Interestingly Mars is red color caused by iron oxides, it’s actually only skin-deep and even in the thickest areas is probably no deep than around two meters or seven feet. This means that one of Mars has most distinctive characteristics is actually extremely thin veneer like a hastily applied coating of fake tan.Mars regularly hosts the largest dust storms in the entire solar system they can last for months and sometimes cover the entire planet in a swirling red dust cloud.
The reason why the surface of Mars looks like the skin of a 15th century smallpox survivor is because it’s situated far closer to the asteroid belt. And as such has a much higher chance of being pummeled by space rocks leaving behind hundreds upon thousands of craters earth is less noticeably cratered because potential crater makers have to pass through our thick and beefy atmosphere and those that are incinerated upon entry offered land in the ocean
05 Craters on Mars named after Earth’s Town and Scientists
Craters on Mars that are under 60 kilometers in diameter are named after towns on earth with populations under 100,000. For example there’s a 28 kilometer wide Martian crater called – ding named after the London suburb of the same name that has a decent Primark core.On the other hand Martian craters larger than 60 kilometers are named after to see scientists writers and others who have contributed to the study observation and exploration of Mars for example there are craters named after Nicholas Copernicus Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin.
Traditionally the crust of Mars is thought to be comprised of one piece though recent research suggests that this may not actually be the case Mars could be made up of two large plates these scientists can’t seem to make up their minds.Regardless Mars is far less tectonic-ally active than Earth which is why our planet experiences so many quakes a number of other sources are thought to cause marsquakes however such as magma meteorite impact and the contraction of the planet’s crust due to cooling.
06 Temperature on Mars is More Variable than Earth
The temperature on Mars is significantly more variable than it is on earth with mild highs of 70 degrees Fahrenheit and harrowing lows of minus 225 degrees Fahrenheit. This works out to an average Martian surface temperature of roughly minus 81 degrees Fahrenheit or hard pass. The two polar ice caps on Mars appear to be largely made of water as all the best polar ice caps our Mars and Earth are the only known planets to have polar ice caps twinzies. The northern cap is up to two miles deep and covers an area significantly larger than the u.s. state of Texas quite a lot colder though .There’s so much water held in Mars a southern polar ice cap that if it melted water would cover the planet’s entire surface in an ocean around 11 meters deep.
07 We can’t breathe on Mars for A Second
Mars has a thin atmosphere that consists mostly of carbon dioxide, Argon, nitrogen and a very small amount of oxygen and water vapor what I’m saying is you couldn’t breathe on Mars so don’t even try it not even once .As a result of Mars’s UBA thin atmosphere liquid water cannot exist on the surface of Mars except at the lowest elevations for a very short period of time before quickly evaporating.From Mars the Sun appears about half the size as it does on earth frankly you shouldn’t be looking at the Sun anyway regardless of whether on mars or not.
08 Mars Had Extra 40 Minutes in a Day from Earth
Not only that because Mars has hardly any atmosphere its sunrises and sunsets appear blue rather than traditional orange and red design we enjoy here on earth. A day on Mars is slightly longer than a day here on earth blasting around 24 hours and 40 minutes what do I plan to do with that extra 40 minutes. Mars rotates slightly faster than Earth it takes its sweet time orbiting the Sun making a complete orbit around our shared star once every 687 Earth days that means that a Martian year is roughly 88 percent longer than one year on earth.
09 Mars Orbits Sun around 1242 Million Miles Distance
Mars orbits the Sun is an average distance of around 1242 million miles a distance so large that it’s pretty much impossible to fathom .The degree to which a planet’s orbit deviates from a perfect circle is known as its eccentricity and the oval shape orbit of Mars is more eccentric than most in fact the only planet with a more eccentric orbit is a mercury Mars also has an axial tilt which sounds painful but actually it’s about 25 degrees and very similar to Earth’s 23.5 degrees Decline .
Mars is axial tilt also causes Martian seasons but because Mars has tilt is different to Earth’s and because of its overly orbit and long last year its seasons are not the same length or the same in each hemisphere stuffed crazy on Mars. Since Mars has no large moon spinning around it to stabilize its rotation Mars is tilted far more wobbly than Earth’s we just wanted to be stable in comparison over the course of millions of years Mars is tilters varied fairly significantly between 13 and 40 degrees.
10 Mars Has No Magnetic Field
Mars also lacks a magnetic field indicating that it does not possess a lovely molten metal core like Earth does however scientists believe that the planet did have a magnetic field at one point probably around four billion years ago. The current lack of a magnetic field leaves the red planet without protection against deadly radiation from cosmic rays and solar flares hmm cancer.
11 In Year 2003 Mars Was Closest to Earth in Last 60,000 Years
On the 27th of August 2003 what a great day levels for everyone wasn’t it we will remember we were then Mars made its closest approach to earth in almost 60,000 years the next time we’ll be back close to us again we’ll be on the 28th of August 2287. Mars is one of five planets in our solar system that are visible from Earth to the naked eye the others being Venus Jupiter Saturn and Mercury it’s always you mercury anyway Mars is actually one of these as planets to see due to its rosy complexion and brightness in the sky looking good Martha by looking good.
12 Mars Has Highest Mountain in Our Solar system
Mars is home to Olympus Mons the largest volcano and highest known mountain in the solar system. Maybe though Olympus Mons is the traditional winner of the tallest mountain contest there is apparently another peak that’s ever so slightly higher than Olympus Mons located on the asteroid Vesta is rheasilvia a mountain. As scientists believe It is only 96 meters higher than Olympus Mons. Mars is also home to Valles Marineris one of the longest and the deepest canyon systems in the entire solar system it stretches for approximately over 20,485 miles. It’s also up to 125 miles wide and has a maximum depth of 4.3 miles.
13 Mars also Has Two Moons
Mars also has two moons Phobos and Deimos which cheerfully mean fear and threat respectively. These names come from the twin gods who accompanied Mars and Ares into battle. Phobos and Deimos are small and irregular shaped Phobos is roughly 202 KM across while Deimos is about 12 KM and are thought to be asteroids captured by Mars as gravitational pull. Tragically scientists predict that Phobos will eventually be pulled out of orbit by Martha’s gravity and brought crashing to the planet’s surface this was sadly occur in roughly 7 million years so little time theft . The smaller of Mars’s moons damos is so tiny that it has to escape velocity by only 5.2 m/s this means that in the unlikely event that you ever find yourself stranded on Deimos you could blast off from its surface simply by taking a running jump.
14 Ancient Egypt Astronomers were aware of Mars
The first record of humanity’s awareness of Mars dates back to 1534 BC when it was spotted by ancient Egyptian astronomers smart guys those ancient Egyptians .Egyptians gave Mars its very first recorded name hard Asher meaning the red one they also referred to Mars as the backward traveler because the planets slobo orbit produces apparent retrograde motion appearing to move it backwards through the sky every 25 months. Ancient Chinese astronomers used to call Mars the fire star which proved how stupid ancient chinese astronomers were because Mars is a planet not a star get it together ancient China geez there’s mercury. The ancient Babylonian name for Mars was nerd girl meaning star of death which is sure to bring on tenuous star wars conspiracy at some point. The ancient Hebrews refer to Mars as Midea meaning the one who blushes Wow ancient people were really impressed by Mars being slightly red so they can talk about apparently.
15 Greeks and Roman Worship Mars as God
The Greeks and Romans named the planet after the respective gods of war Aries and Mars the Roman name Mars is the name we use in English because we’re like totally obsessed with ancient Roman junk. The ancient Greeks believed that the earth was the center of the entire universe and that Mars was one of five stars that orbits it the others being Venus Jupiter Saturn and Earth.
16 A Danish Astronomer first Calculate Martha’s Position on solar system
Polish mathematician and astronomer Nicholas Copernicus managed to coherently explain Marcy’s aforementioned at parent retrograde motion that causes the planet to move backwards across the sky he did so as part of his model of the universe in which planets including earth orbit around the Sun rather than everything orbiting around the earth. The mid 16th century the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe Hey reduced the first accurate calculations of Martha’s position in the solar system without using a telescope.
17 Galilieo Was First person to Observe Mars by Telescope
In 1609 several years after the death of Tycho Brahe Hethe Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei observed Mars whose you can permit a telescope to become the first so-called father of observational astronomy. 1659 the celebrated Dutch astronomer Christiaan Huygens drew Mars using an advanced telescope he uses many observations of the planet to estimate the length of the Martian day at 24 hours and 30 minutes only a few minutes out from the actual figure . In 1840 the German astronomer Johann Heinrich von mutlar used 10 years of observations to produce the very first map of Mars two craters one on Mars and the other on the moon were named after mutlar in his honor.
18 NASA was first Space Agency to Click Pictures on Mars
A number of missions have taken human technology to Mars, The first true Mars mission success was NASA’s Marina for flyby in 1965 which produced the very first close-up pictures of the Martian surface. In November of 1971 the NASA Mariner 9 became the first spacecraft to orbit Mars after months of dust storms cleared. Mariner 9 began to transmit thousands of images of Mars back to earth revealing expansive canyons colossal volcanoes what appears to be dried up riverbeds and no alien.
On the 20th of July 1976 NASA’s Viking 1 became the first spacecraft to land intact and operational on the surface of Mars followed by the Viking 2. A few weeks later in September together the Viking landers returned the first color pictures of the planet providing humanity with an even better view of our neighboring worlds when the Viking 2 had its last moments of contact in 1978 project manager george gianopolous liken the experience to losing an old friend wow that’s pretty actually quite sad number 67 robot.
However the Viking space probes were not actually the first to land on Mars they were only the first to do so successfully the bittersweet distinction of the first human-built object to make physical contact with Mars go to the Soviet Union’s Mars 2 space probe which violently crashed into the planet surface in November of 1971 Orcs nintendo64 during the Viking missions NASA scientists were genuinely worried about contaminating the environment on Mars with microbes from Earth.
In 1996 the United States launched the Mars Pathfinder which landed on Mars on the 4th of July 1997 America’s Independence Day the robotic spacecraft bounced for over a minute and a half on massive air banks before stopping before the sedona rover rolled onto the Martian surface to do some science I mentioned the original plan was that the mission would last seven days but the tiny Mars rover rolled around on Mars for 83 days .While it was there the Sedona collected and studied Martian rocks moving in a speed of only a few centimeters per second this was a safety feature to prevent the rover from getting stuck the last thing you want to happen to a 25 million dollar space rover is to have it trapped in a Martian ditch like an alien with a DUI.
in 1999 NASA lost a Mars probe called the Mars climate orbiter because its navigation system was using metric measurements but its altitude control system was using Imperial measurements a discrepancy caused by different agencies working on the same project the probe was 100 kilometres too close to the planet’s surface before attempted to enter orbit and burned up in the atmosphere this mistake cost 125 million dollars.NASA’s Spirit rover which landed on Mars in early 2004 has been hit by dust devils on the surface of Mars several times these Martian mini tornadoes lead the rover unharmed and actually clean it solar panels as such these occurrences aren’t be known as cleaning events.
19 India Was First Nation to enter Spacecraft on Mars in First Try
on the 24th of September 2014 the Indian Space Research Organisation to Mars orbiter mission space probe entered its orbit of Mars in doing so India became the first nation on earth to set spacecraft into Mars orbit on the very first try .Future astrobiology missions to Mars are planned including the Mars 2020 and EXO Mars rovers both of which are plan to launch in guess when 2020 both missions plan to search for evidence of past life on Mars.
20 A Netherlands Company Plans to Colonize Mars
It’s not just Rovers that humanity plans on sending to the Red Planet in 2012 a small private company in the Netherlands called Mars 1 announced their plan to colonize Mars by the mid-2020s this plan has been heavily sighs my actual Everest pose experts for a lack of awareness of the logistics involved in getting humans to Mars to preside there permanently without you know starving to death or being fatally irradiated many of dis mr. plans as a suicide mission and yet . Over 100,000 people applied to be part of the Mars one program which would involve a one-way trip to colonize the planet in the coming years would you go on a one-way mission to colonize Mars let us know in our youtube howl up above answer seriously though because we will send you if you say yes
21 Meteorites Fell on Morroca was Origin from Mars
Meteorites that fell to earth and landed in Morocco during a meteor shower in 2011 had been confirmed to be of Martian origin the rocks were thought to be ejected from the surface of the planet during an ancient asteroid impact . One of the most well known Martian meteorites is known as Allen hills 84001 so-called because it was found in Allen Hills which is in Antarctica on the 27th of December 1984 the two kilogram rock was blasted off the Mars surface around 16 million years ago and it sort of hit earth around 13,000 years ago in Antarctica it’s particularly remarkable because it appears to contain microscopic fossils of Martian bacteria though this has never been confirmed.
22 Many Movies are made based on Mars
many films have been produced which prominent feature Mars as a subject or location possibly the earliest was Aleta queen of Mars a 1924 silent film directed by Soviet filmmaker Yakov courtesan of other Mars classics include the 1953 comedy Abbott and Costello go to Mars and the 1996 Tim Burton directed cult hit Mars Attacks.The 2015 movie the Martian which starred Matt Damon as an astronaut stranded on Mars cost Murphy 109 million dollars to produce India’s Mars orbiter mission cost 73 million dollars meaning that a Hollywood movie about a space mission to Mars cost 36 million dollars more than the India’s actual real space mission to Mars. Mars is also referenced in numerous popular songs Elton John famously opined in his 1972 hit rocket man that Mars ain’t the kind of place to raise your kids in fact it’s cold as hell and there’s no one there to raise them if you did Mars has also been featured in songs by many other music artists including but not limited to David Bowie The Pixies The Flaming Lips and my baby boys Muse.
23 Their are Lots of Conspiracy Theories of Mars
Some Mars conspiracies have claimed that Google images of Mars prove that someone possibly NASA has already sent humans to Mars the images apparently show a fairly advanced Mars colony of white buildings powered by solar panels however the image is actually originated from an obvious April Fool’s joke in a blog post from Google. In 2008 nasa’s mars exploration rover spirit captured images which certain people claimed to show a humanoid finger on the surface of mars this turned out to be nothing more than a rock formation because of course it was everything is a rock formation these days. Possibly the most absurd conspiracy theory involving Mars claims that Mars is indeed populated but not by Martian aliens rather Mars is inhabited by human children who have been sent to the planet against their will to work as slaves.
25 Some Crazy Facts of Mars
- According to NASA a round trip to Mars from Earth will take roughly two and a half years this includes the time that any prospective tourists on the rub planets would have to allow for Mars and Earth to realign for a return trip
- According to the UK’s Royal Mail sending a letter to Mars would cost roughly fifteen thousand five hundred dollars apparently this would require over 18,000 first-class stamps or over 21,000 second-class stamps to achieve so get saving.
- If you could somehow drive directly to Mars in a car traveling at a regular speed of 60 miles per hour well done you but also it would roughly take you 271 years and 221 days to reach your destination.
- Of course Mars has played a massive part in human culture and society with numerous theories and stories regarding Mars having been concocted by various people in 1898 English writer HG Wells published the war of the world which describes an intelligent and technologically advanced race of Martian aliens who invade earth number 93
- Every year the Internet is blighted by claims that Mars will appear in the sky on 27th of August just as large as the moon this is a ludicrous pile of anti science cobblers cop blows I say hoaxes began in an email in 2002 and has fooled so many people that the 27th of August is now known by some as Mars hoax day.